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Behind the glass at the Churchill War Rooms

cabinet-war-rooms-3Already a huge hit with visiting Americans, the queues for the Cabinet War Rooms and Churchill Museum are only going to get longer with the releases of the Darkest Hour movie.

The film is set in the early days of Churchill’s wartime premiership when debate in the Cabinet was whether to sue for peace with Hitler. It is no understatement to say that the entire course of 20th century history would have been utterly different had such an outcome occurred.

The movie wasn’t filmed in the War Rooms, but meticulously recreated them, even down to the peeling paint on the wooden supports of the map room.

“This is the room from which I shall conduct the war”, Churchill famously said of the basement-level Cabinet Room itself, but only around a quarter of wartime cabinet meetings were actually held in the space, at times when the threat from bombing – and the later ‘V’ weapons – was most acute. But the complex was staffed by hundreds throughout the course of the war, an essential bureaucracy of information-gathering and coordination. Had the Germans landed, this would have been one of the first places to get the news, and the initial response to any invasion would have been organised here.

cabinet-war-rooms-6One of the key parts in the Map Room where, each day, the actual physical status of the war was plotted – the positions of the front lines, the losses in the convoys, the ‘score card’ of the Battle of Britain.

It’s an atmospheric space, although hard to imagine the noise and the smell of the place when it was operational, and impossible to reconstruct the existential dread of being under attack and fearing that the Nazis be at any moment, literally at the door. (always remember that Churchill’s “we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills” wasn’t an airy rhetorical flourish, but a blueprint for the invasion that was felt to be imminent.)

cabinet-war-rooms-2I’ve been down there a dozen times in the past year, but last week got my own Christmas present as the family I was guiding had booked a private tour. This gets you inside the Cabinet Room, the Map Room and Churchill’s bedroom, with one of the museum’s curators giving you the context and explaining what happened down there. You stand behind Churchill’s wooden chair (desperately fighting the temptation to touch or even sit down in it) – this is the one he sat in across the table from the three military chiefs of staff.cabinet-war-rooms-4

In the Map Room you get to walk around the central table, to peer at the notes made on the desk, and see the thousands of pinholes on the convoy map, each one representing the movement of vital supplies across the Atlantic. (An aside here: the losses in the battle of the Atlantic were enormous, and are commemorated at the Merchant Navy Memorial on Tower Hill.)

I’ve looked through the glass into the map room on many occasions, but stepping in and getting a nose-full of the smell of old paper was something else, an almost visceral connection with the time and place, and the heroic individuals who occupied these seats.

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The Churchill War Rooms are open nearly every day of the year from 0900. It’s cheaper to book online and this also gets you in the ‘fast track’ queue for entrance.

A private tour starts at £500, for up to 10 people. (If you’ve got a spare place, think of me.)

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